Prioritizes, Practical and Focused Approaches for National Development Strategy
The Kabul Process which started with HE the President Islamic Republic of Afghanistan speech in London conference in 2010, was the starting point for transferring civilian and military responsibilities from the international partners to the afghan government and civil society organizations in the following five sections: Peace reconciliation, Security , Good governance , Economic development , Regional and global cooperation. All these five sections are also included in the Afghan National Development Strategy.
Importance: indeed the national priority programs represents a new commitment in afghan national development strategy frame work and their aims are to empower the afghans and afghan institutions for better service delivery, creating jobs, sustainable development of economic , incomes, protect afghan citizens’ right, government and NGO’s and sustainable peace.
The first impression of this program which introduced for the first time in Kabul conference for defining “Kabul process” was useful, and represents a milestone for the people of Afghanistan and international partners.
Unlike previous programs that were prepared in large scale and were implemented by our international partners. At the moment the government of Afghanistan, international partners, civil society and private sector made the transition of ownership process.
Impacts: National Priorities Programs are likely to have the following major impacts:
It will make government’s efforts visible to people, which will further legitimize government;
It will improve incomes, public service delivery and job opportunities and also strengthen capacities in governance;
Government will take control of the development agenda and bring order in this sphere.
The prioritized and focused implementation will bring value for money leading to satisfaction of Afghan people as well as the international community.
Categorization of NPPs: For effective implementation of NPPs, the22 NPPs are grouped together into 6 clusters as given below:
- Security: (Peace and Reintegration);
- Human Resource Development: (Skills Development and Labor, Education for All, Higher Education, Women Affairs, Capacity Building for Health);
- Infrastructure Development: (National Regional Resource Corridor, Extractive Industries, National Energy Program, Urban Development);
- Private Sector Development: (Trade Facilitation and SME, E-Afghanistan);
- Agriculture and Rural Development: (Water and Natural Resource Management, Comprehensive Agriculture, Rural Access, Strengthening Local Institutions);
- Governance: (Economic and Financial Reform, Transparency and Accountability, Efficient and Effective Government, Local Governance, Justice for ALL, Human Rights).
How created: The Kabul Conference was presented with the concept notes of the 22 National Priority Programs and the same were approved by the Conference. The direction was also given by the Conference that these concept notes should now be developed into full-fledged program proposlas, clearing giving the road map to convert concepts into concrete, implementable and practical plans with costing/budgets. Accordingly, all the concerned ministries started developing these program proposals for NPPs. Each proposal has the objectives/goals of the program as well as its components/sub-components, defines the strategy to achieve these objectives, contains a 3-years implementation plan with timelines, broad activities and outcome/output indicators. The detailed costing along with likely constraints to be faced and how to resolve them is also part of the proposals. So, far 15 out of 22 proposals are ready (and also endorsed or recommended for endorsement) and remaining 7 are in various stages of consultation/preparation. Most of the remaining programs are likely to be ready by next Standing Committee.
All Pieces for implementation brought together. Various elements of the implementation process were created and brought together for effective implementation and accountability of the process. These elements are:
· National ownership of the planning and implementation process
· New Planning and Implementation mechanisms through the Clusters and NPPs
· New Accountability and Monitoring System
· Within Government and donor consultation mechanisms.
All these elements are working together and bringing significant synergies. The accountability system is able to generate alarm signals wherever the activities are not be completed leading to corrective actions. The 100 days report are generated every quarter having both qualitative and quantitative components. The Synthesis Report along with these monitoring reports feeds into the JCMB mechanisms, cabinet, etc. New consultation mechanisms at the program proposals level and at the action plan/monitoring reports levels are providing opportunities for deepening the processes with qualitative inputs from donors and other stakeholders.
There are achievements but still it’s a long way to go and the Government is seeking everyone’s cooperation.